People with osteoarthritis should eat an anti-inflammatory diet to reduce swelling, pain and other common symptoms of inflammation. Because people of different races and ethnicities have different dietary availability and preferences, it is difficult to recommend specific food items that can reduce inflammation.
A paper has suggested Mediterranean diet, Nordic diet, and Asian diets like the Washoku Japanese diet, and Jiangnan Chinese diet can reduce the inflammation or swelling induced by osteoarthritis.
However, these diet plans might not be suitable for every individual. So, you should consult a dietician who can formulate a diet plan specific to your nutritional demand, locally available ingredients, dietary preferences and your existing health conditions.
A high inflammatory diet increases the risk of osteoarthritis which is significantly mediated by Body Mass Index (BMI). An anti-inflammatory diet contains food items that have components like polyunsaturated fatty acids, phenolic compounds and polyphenols or terpenes and terpenoids that can reduce symptoms of osteoarthritis. Besides these components, there can exist others which reduces inflammation.
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