Lymphatic cancer or Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the infection-fighting cells of the immune system called lymphocytes. The lymphocytes are present within the lymph nodes (lymph glands), thymus gland, spleen, bone marrow and blood. Lymphatic cancer can also grow out of these parts to affect the other areas of the body.
A (2018) study has shown that the average number of lymphoma cases per year in India for boys is 4.3–25% and for girls is 3.4–29.9%.
Lymphoma is of two types: Non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma. The main difference between both these types is Hodgkin lymphoma Reed-Sternberg cells. However, in Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, these cells are absent.
Reed-Sternberg cells are large, abnormal cells that have more than one nucleus and usually arise from B lymphocytes. However, rarely they may arise from T lymphocytes as well. Hodgkin lymphoma mostly affects B lymphocytes, whereas non-Hodgkin lymphoma may affect both B and T lymphocytes.
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