Obesity is a very common disorder and is one of the most serious public health challenges for children and adults. Obese children are likely to remain obese when they become adults. They are also likely to develop serious health issues such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, as well as social and psychological challenges. Obesity needs to be prevented and treated in childhood as it is difficult to reduce weight once it is established.
Once adults, it is difficult to reduce excessive weight. So, overweight children should take proper nutrition and engage in physical activity or exercise in order to maintain balanced weight. The prevention of child obesity needs high priority.
The prevalence of obesity has increased in recent years due to complex interactions among genes, physical activity, dietary intake, and the environment.
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