The lifestyle is changing with the growing pace of the world. The factors that could be a reason for the increase in the number of cases of diabetes are unhealthy diet, increased consumption of tobacco, processed meat, sedentary lifestyle with minimal physical activity, lack of education about diabetes prevention strategies, low consumption of fruits, nuts, seeds, and whole grains.
One in six people with diabetes in the world is from India. The rate of diabetes is increasing around the world including in India. India has the second-highest total population in the world with more than 1.3 billion people. The International Diabetes Federation estimated that 72.9 million adults in India were living with diabetes in 2017.
Among the different types of diabetes, the highest number of cases are of type 2 diabetes, which is caused due to insulin resistance and the pancreas slowly losing the ability to produce insulin. Many factors are responsible for causing type 2 diabetes, including lifestyle, genes and environment.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition that occurs when your body attacks beta cells in the pancreas that makes insulin. According to a study in 2015, type 1 diabetes increases by nearly 3 to 5 percent each year in India. Another research in 2016 found that type 2 diabetes has increased by an average of almost 8 percent per year in urban areas of Tamil Nadu, India since 2006. These numbers are expected to rise, too. It is estimated that there will be 134 million people living with diabetes in India by 2045.
With the increase in sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy food habits, there is an increase in diseases such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, increasing cases of obesity which further increases the risk and prevalence of diabetes. Therefore, access to diabetes care and education is an important step towards addressing this issue.
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