What is the difference between epilepsy and seizures?

Medically Reviewed by Checkmark Medically Reviewed By: Dr. Sravanthi Sunkaraneni

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder in which clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain sometimes signal abnormally and cause seizures. All seizures are not epilepsy but in all epilepsy, there are seizures. Epilepsy is a disorder while a seizure is a symptom of the disorder. It is important to understand the cause of the seizure to differentiate between epilepsy and seizure.

According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, several neurons (as many as 500 times a second) fire (signal) simultaneously, much faster than normal in a seizure. The surge of excessive and simultaneous electrical activity causes involuntary movements, sensations, emotions, and behaviors. The temporary disturbance of normal neuronal activity can also lead to a loss of awareness. 

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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