There are various types of ovarian cysts. Most of them are usually discovered incidentally on physical examination or imaging. Ovarian cysts can cause complications, including rupture, hemorrhage, and torsion, which are considered gynecological emergencies. In this article, we will discuss whether ovarian cysts cause bleeding, and if yes, then how.
Can an ovarian cyst cause bleeding?
Yes, it is possible. Depending on the type of cyst and its size, bleeding can occur due to different reasons. It’s important to note that not all ovarian cysts cause bleeding, and many of them may not result in any symptom at all. However, if you experience sudden or severe pelvic pain, heavy bleeding, or other unusual symptoms, it’s important to seek medical attention right away.
How can an ovarian cyst cause bleeding?
There are various ways through which it can result in bleeding.
One of the most common reasons is that a cyst can interfere with the normal function of the ovaries, leading to hormonal imbalances. Specifically, ovarian cysts can produce hormones such as estrogen or progesterone, which can affect the menstrual cycle. Thus, leading to problems with the menstrual cycle, such as heavy or irregular periods, or spotting (abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods). If a cyst produces excessive estrogen, it can cause the lining of the uterus to thicken, leading to heavier or prolonged periods. On the other hand, if a cyst interferes with the production of progesterone, it can cause irregular or missed periods.
In some cases, an ovarian cyst can rupture or twist, leading to sudden and severe pain and bleeding. A ruptured ovarian cyst can also cause bleeding. When it bursts open, it can cause severe pain and bleeding inside the pelvis. This needs immediate medical attention. This can also lead to complications such as internal bleeding or infection.
Additionally, bleeding can also occur if a type of ovarian cyst, known as hemorrhagic cysts, are filled with blood ruptures.
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