According to the World Health Organization (WHO) website, India is among 30 countries that contributed to 86% of tuberculosis cases in the year 2020. The Global Tuberculosis Report (2021) has confirmed India to have the world’s largest tuberculosis epidemic. According to this report, India is one of the eight highest contributing countries accounting for 26% of the total tuberculosis cases. The World Bank website has estimated that India had an incidence rate of 127 cases per 100,000 people in the year 2020.
Besides this, HIV being the major contributor of tuberculosis disease, India accounted for 38% of global TB deaths among HIV-negative people and for 34% of the combined total number of TB deaths in HIV-negative and HIV-positive people in the year 2020.
The Global Tuberculosis Report (2021) has also estimated that 9.9 million people were affected by tuberculosis in the year 2020. But there has been a 0.87% decline in the total cases since 2019. Globally, more than 12 countries have accounted for 93% of the total global drop of 1.3 million cases. India has also contributed 41% cases to this global drop in the cases of tuberculosis.
Still, tuberculosis is a major health issue in India. Realising the severity of the disease, the Central Tuberculosis Division of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MOHFW) runs the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme to provide free of cost, quality tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment services across the country through the government health system.
Moreover, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MOHFW) updates the Nikshay Report that shows yearly public and private recorded cases of tuberculosis in India. The Indian government also releases Nikshay Patrika magazine to make people aware of the progress made so far in controlling the spread of tuberculosis.
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