Orange: Health benefits, nutrition profile & side effects


Oranges, with their vibrant colour and juicy sweetness, stand as one of the most beloved and iconic fruits across the globe. Belonging to the citrus family, oranges are not only a refreshing culinary delight but also a nutritional powerhouse. Renowned for its high vitamin C content, orange has a lot of health benefits and supports our immune system. Whether enjoyed fresh, squeezed into a morning glass of juice, or incorporated into various culinary creations, the versatile orange symbolises vitality and zest, enriching both our palates and well-being.

Nutritional profile of orange

NutrientAmount per 100g
Total Fat0.2g
Total Carbohydrates8.3g
Dietary Fiber2.3g
Vitamin C53.2mg
Vitamin A11µg

Health benefits of oranges

Antioxidant properties

Oranges are widely recognized for their use as a natural antioxidant. The high content of vitamin C and other bioactive compounds in oranges contributes to their potent antioxidant properties. Antioxidants play a crucial role in neutralising free radicals in the body, which are unstable molecules that can cause cellular damage and contribute to various diseases, including chronic inflammation and ageing-related conditions.

The antioxidant action of oranges helps protect cells from oxidative stress, supporting overall health. Vitamin C, in particular, can scavenge free radicals, enhance the immune system, and promote the regeneration of other antioxidants. Consuming oranges and incorporating them into a balanced diet can be an effective and delicious way to harness these antioxidant benefits, contributing to the body’s defence against oxidative damage and promoting long-term well-being.

Anti-proliferative properties

Oranges may exhibit antiproliferative activity, indicating their potential to obstruct the rapid growth and multiplication of cells. This property is often due to the presence of bioactive compounds, including flavonoids and other phytochemicals in oranges. Research suggests that these compounds may play a role in suppressing the proliferation of certain cells, showcasing the potential health benefits associated with consuming oranges. However, it’s important to note that we need more studies to fully understand the extent and specific mechanisms of oranges’ antiproliferative effects.

Antiparasitic activity

There is limited evidence suggesting that oranges may possess antiparasitic activity. Some studies have explored the potential antimicrobial properties of compounds found in oranges, including flavonoids and essential oils. While these compounds show promise in inhibiting certain parasites, more research is needed to establish the extent of oranges’ antiparasitic effects and to understand the specific mechanisms involved. It’s important to note that oranges are not a substitute for medical treatments, and consulting with healthcare professionals is advisable for addressing parasitic infections.

Hypocholesterolemic activity

There is some evidence to suggest that oranges may have hypocholesterolemic activity, meaning they may contribute to lowering cholesterol levels. Oranges contain soluble fibre, particularly pectin, which can help reduce cholesterol absorption in the gut. Additionally, the flavonoids and antioxidants present in oranges may play a role in promoting heart health and managing cholesterol levels. While oranges alone are not a substitute for a balanced diet and lifestyle, incorporating them into a heart-healthy eating plan may contribute to maintaining cholesterol within a healthy range.

Side effects of oranges 

Heartburn or acid reflux

The acidity in oranges may trigger heartburn or acid reflux in some individuals, especially those with pre-existing digestive issues.

Allergic reactions

Some people may be allergic to citrus fruits, including oranges, leading to symptoms such as itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing.

Interference with medications

Oranges contain compounds that may interact with certain medications, affecting their absorption or effectiveness. Individuals on specific medications should consult their healthcare provider.

Dental health

The acidity in oranges may erode tooth enamel over time, potentially contributing to dental issues. Rinsing the mouth with water after consuming oranges can help mitigate this effect.

Gastrointestinal upset

Excessive consumption of oranges may lead to gastrointestinal upset, including bloating or diarrhoea, particularly in individuals with sensitive stomachs.

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