Vitamin D is called the ‘sunshine vitamin’, produced in the skin on sun exposure. It regulates the absorption of calcium and phosphorus and facilitates normal immune system function. It is required to maintain serum calcium concentration and for good musculoskeletal health. Therefore, it is needed for the growth and development of bones and teeth and improved resistance to various diseases.
The sources of Vitamin D are sunlight and diet. Getting enough vitamin D is crucial for healthy bones and teeth. Its deficiency can lead to rickets in children, where bones become weak and soft and can become deformed (with bow legs). Similarly, in adults, its deficiency can increase the risk of osteoporosis or thinning of bones. This makes a person more prone to breaking a bone.
Vitamin D also helps in regulating mood and reducing depression.
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