The tuberculosis epidemic is hard to stop because it is an airborne infection that transmits through small respiratory droplets. A (2015) study has shown in the settings of high tuberculosis cases, there exists long delays in active case-finding along with improper diagnosis and treatment. However, to stop the tuberculosis epidemic, it is essential to take quick-relief measures to achieve positive results.
A study published in The Lancet suggests that the transmission should be stopped to control new cases of tuberculosis in order to stop the global tuberculosis epidemic, and the most important task to achieve this is to identify the people suffering from tuberculosis and immediate initiation of effective treatment to quickly make them non-infectious.
According to a 2018 research paper, the World Health Organization (WHO) suggested 8 ways to achieve tuberculosis elimination like addressing vulnerable and hard-to-reach groups, special needs of migrants and cross-border issues, managing latent tuberculosis infection, etc. However, this paper also suggests that tuberculosis eradication is not possible because of its mode of transmission and the absence of a vaccine that can protect all individuals.
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