Why is diabetes a risk factor for COVID-19?

Research states that type 2 diabetes is a significant risk factor for COVID-19 progression and its severity, poor prognosis, and increased mortality. It is still unclear how diabetes contributes to COVID-19 severity.

However, it may be correlated with the effects of hyperglycemia on systemic inflammatory responses and immune system dysfunction. It has been suggested that diabetic patients are more susceptible to severe SARS-CoV-2 infections, as glucose metabolism impairments complicate the pathophysiology of COVID-19 disease in these patients.

If diabetes is well-managed, complications are less likely to happen. Having heart disease or other complications in addition to diabetes could worsen the chance of getting seriously ill from COVID-19, like other viral infections, because more than one condition makes it harder for your body to fight the infection. Viral infections can also increase inflammation, or internal swelling, in people with diabetes, contributing to more severe complications.

According to the American Diabetes Association, there is a lack of data to show if diabetics are more susceptible to COVID-19 as compared to others. However, the complications could be more serious for people with diabetes.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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