Who gets ovarian cancer?

Ovarian cancer is more common in postmenopausal women. However, younger women have a better survival rate. Ethnicity, family history, early menstruation, and first childbirth after the age of 35 are additional risk factors in addition to age. These ovarian tumors are primarily epithelial malignancies. Additionally, it should be noted that ovarian cancer diagnosed in its early stages has a greater survival rate.

Women above 40 years of age are prone to ovarian cancer. But it does not mean that younger women do not get ovarian cancer. A study (2006) suggests that young women with ovarian cancer have a better chance of survival than older women. The reasons given in the paper are early-stage diagnosis, lower grade of cancer and some underlying tumour biology that makes younger women less susceptible to ovarian cancer. 

Ovarian cancer is primarily a disease of postmenopausal women. A study has shown that 90% of tumours are due to epithelial ovarian cancer that affects mostly postmenopausal women. Moreover, 5% of tumours are due to germ cell ovarian cancer that affects women in their early 20s and 5% of tumours are due to sex cord-stromal ovarian cancer that affects all the age groups. Besides age, other risk factors of ovarian cancer can be family history, ethnicity, endometriosis, early menstruation, no pregnancy or first child birth after the age of 35.

A study (2019) has shown that India recorded the highest number of ovarian cancer with 11.33% of all cases in 2012. The majority of women are often diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the later stages because the symptoms go unnoticed in the early stages. Still, the survival rate of stage one epithelial ovarian cancer is 92% but only up to 28% for advanced ovarian cancer.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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