Which bacteria causes tuberculosis?

The bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes tuberculosis. In the majority of cases, this bacterium attacks the lungs to induce severe coughing. However, the bacteria can attack any part of the body.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria is present in bodily fluids which makes tuberculosis an airborne communicable disease. This bacterium spreads from person to person through tiny droplets released into the air while coughing or sneezing. This mode of transmission is called active tuberculosis.

On the other hand, Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria also cause latent tuberculosis in which an infected person does not show any symptoms. Latent tuberculosis can become active to affect other people standing nearby.

When it comes to the treatment, different strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria easily learn to resist the drugs that were once effective at treating the disease. A research has suggested that “TB control will need three new advances—development of new point-of-care diagnostics, more effective drug regimens to combat drug-susceptible and drug-resistant TB, and more effective vaccines”.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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