The available evidence has shown that an anti-inflammatory diet can reduce the risk of osteoarthritis. We now know that a high inflammatory diet increases the risk of osteoarthritis which is significantly mediated by Body Mass Index (BMI).
An anti-inflammatory diet contains food items that have components like polyunsaturated fatty acids, phenolic compounds and polyphenols or terpenes and terpenoids responsible for reducing inflammation caused by osteoarthritis. There can be other compounds in food items that reduce inflammation like these.
Since people of different races and ethnicities have different dietary preferences, it is difficult to recommend specific food items that can reduce inflammation. However, a paper has suggested a few diet plans like a Mediterranean diet, Nordic diet, and Asian diets like the Washoku Japanese diet, and Jiangnan Chinese diet have anti-inflammatory food items.
However, each diet plan might not be suitable for every individual due to the availability of ingredients, food preferences and indigestion of certain food items. It is recommended to consult a dietician who can formulate a diet plan specific to your nutritional demand, locally available foods and dietary preferences.
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