Thalassemia is a blood disorder that reduces the formation of red blood cells. A fewer number of red blood cells further reduces the production of hemoglobin, a protein that supplies oxygen to all body organs. Due to the lack of oxygen, organs cannot function in a normal manner. This causes anemia, fatigue, weakness, paleness, and slow body growth. In this article, we have discussed about its treatment and the life expectancy of thalassemia patients.
How is thalassemia treated?
Proper thalassemia treatment increases the lifespan of patients. People with severe thalassemia might need a blood transfusion to receive more red blood cells that can carry oxygen throughout the body.
However, people with low to moderate thalassemia may or may not need a blood transfusion. The decision of blood transfusion mostly depends upon the severity of the symptoms. Blood transfusion is recommended when people with thalassemia suffer from severe to moderate anemia.
A proper diet and a healthy lifestyle can ensure a normal life to a certain extent. Also, a doctor can recommend vitamin and mineral supplements to meet the nutritional demand.
How long is the life of thalassemia patients?
People with thalassemia often have an average life expectancy. Research published in 2018 informs that the cumulative survival rate from birth until 10 years old is 99%. This research selected a few people to conclude that after reaching the age of 20 years, 88% of the selected people survived until 30 years, 74% survived until 45, 68% survived until 50, and 51% survived until 55 years old.
However, people with thalassemia can have reduced lifespan in case they suffer from other diseases. The American Family Physician website explains that people with beta-thalassemia with heart disease often survive till the age of 30.
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