What is the difference between ovarian cancer and an ovarian cyst?

If a woman has a cyst in the ovary, it does not mean she has ovarian cancer, whereas, ovarian cancer is the abnormal cell growth of ovarian cells called epithelial, germ and stromal cells to produce a tumour. Ovarian cancer can start in the ovaries or fallopian tube to rarely reach the abdomen or cervix. A study has shown that the cases of ovarian cancer due to the tumour are more than a cyst.

On the other hand, ovarian cyst forms when the sac in which eggs grow does not break open and the fluid inside the sac forms a cyst on the ovary. This condition is called a follicle cyst. Moreover, the sac often dissolves on its own once the egg is released. However, sometimes the sac does not dissolve and collects fluid to form a cyst. This condition is called a Corpus Luteum Cyst. Other cysts in the ovaries are dermoid cysts, cystadenomas and endometriomas.

In some women, cysts can collect in the ovary to cause a medical condition called polycystic ovary syndrome. Most ovarian cysts are not harmful and generally go away with the menstrual cycle. However, a cyst can increase the risk of ovarian cancer in women who have hit their menopause.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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