Osteoporosis is the loss of bone mass. It is not limited only to the joints, and it increases the risk of fractures. Osteopenia is also the gradual loss of mineral content in the bone tissue that reduces the bone mass. Osteopenia can lead to osteoporosis.
The difference between osteoporosis and osteopenia lies in the intensity of mineral loss. The bone mineral density (BMD) in the case of osteopenia is between -1 to -2.5, whereas the same in the case of osteoporosis is -2.5 and lower. From these values, it is clear that osteoporosis is a more serious progression than osteopenia.
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