What is Epilepsy?

Medically Reviewed by Checkmark Medically Reviewed By: Sravanthi Sunkaraneni

According to the Epilepsy Foundation, epilepsy is a chronic disorder in which recurrent, unprovoked seizures occur. The diagnosis is confirmed when a patient has two unprovoked seizures that were not caused by any known medical condition that is reversible like low blood sugar or alcoholism.  It can affect anyone irrespective of age, gender, and ethnicity.

It is a neurological disorder of the central nervous system in which the brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behaviour, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness or consciousness. The seizures vary from person to person. The patients may have more than one type of seizure and some kind of neurological problems along with it. 

Usually, the cause of the seizures is unknown, but in some cases, it can be due to a brain injury or genetic factors. It is diagnosed based on the family history, medical history, and by EEG (electroencephalogram) testing.

The treatment is usually anti-epileptic medications. Rarely, epilepsy resolves on its own.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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