What is Autism?

Medically Reviewed by Checkmark Medically Reviewed By: Dr. Sravanthi Sunkaraneni

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a condition characterised by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech and nonverbal communication. According to the WHO, about one in every 100 children has autism globally. The American Psychiatry Association states that autism is said to be a lifelong disorder. However, the disorder causes certain impairment which may vary between the individuals with autism.

As per the CDC, Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability, which occurs due to differences in the brain. Some people can have ASD due to a genetic condition. However, there can be other causes as well, which are not yet known. Scientists believe that various causes of ASD together change the most common ways in which people develop.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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