Asthma causes severe breathlessness that makes it difficult for people to breathe. If you are diagnosed with asthma, you can understand that it is quite uncomfortable to breathe while going through an episode of breathlessness. Moreover, if the asthma is not treated well, then it can cause irreversible damage to the lungs.
Asthma is an allergic reaction to various triggers that inflames the inner lining of the airway and tighten the muscles around the chest. In a severe situation, it may become even more difficult to control breathlessness because the airway is inflamed and filled with mucus. A blocked airway is thin and cannot flow oxygen efficiently.
An inflamed airway and tightening chest damage the respiratory tube and reduce the supply of air to the lungs. This puts a lot of pressure on the lungs as insufficient oxygen will continue breathlessness and damage the respiratory system to cause irreversible lung disease like Emphysema, which is a type of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD).
Emphysema causes damage to the alveoli walls of the lungs. When you inhale, alveoli are responsible for absorbing oxygen and sending it further to the blood. When you exhale, alveoli send carbon dioxide out of the body.
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