Like other cancers, blood cancer also occurs due to genetic changes at the cellular level. The blood cells are produced in the bone marrow through specialised cells called Stem Cells. Stem cells are special cells because they are not born with a specific function. Stem cells acquire the functions of cells that are scarce within the body. As blood cells are formed daily, stem cells group in the bone marrow and take up the functions of different types of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Cancer in the blood occurs when lifestyle, environmental, genetic or workplace risk factors cause an error during the change in genetic material with the blood cell. The blood cells consist of DNA as genetic material that changes due to heredity, chemical exposure, unhealthy lifestyle or others to cause cancer. As cancer grows, the toxic cancerous blood cells begin multiplying quickly to spread throughout the body. The immune system notices this abrupt cell growth and often cannot differentiate between normal and cancer blood cells. As a result, the immune system keeps attacking the normal cells to kill tissues. As we know, our organs are made up of tissues, the immune system keeps attacking the organs to generate an autoimmune disorder response against the blood cancer.
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