Ovarian cancer has stages ranging from one to four. Research has shown that if you are diagnosed with ovarian cancer, your doctor would want to know if the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body. The staging simply divides the spread of cancer into four stages. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS) website, the cancer cells are only in the ovaries or fallopian tubes.
In stage one, the cancer cells have not spread to the lymph nodes or distant places. During stage two, the cancer cells have spread within the pelvis in the uterus, bladder, sigmoid colon, rectum and peritoneum. In stage two, cancer cells have not spread either to the lymph node or distant sites. During stage three, cancer cells have grown in ovaries, fallopian tubes and peritoneum to spread in the organs outside the pelvis. On examination, cancer cells can be seen in the lining of the abdomen. In stage three, cancer cells may not have spread to the retroperitoneal lymph nodes or have not spread to distant sites.
In stage four, cancer cells are found in the fluid around the lungs and have spread to the liver, spleen, intestine, retroperitoneal lymph nodes and organs or tissues such as lungs or bones. As cancer cells affect the organs, stage four remains mostly incurable.
Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.