High blood pressure has many risk factors, such as age, race, being overweight or obese, family history, lack of physical activity, too much sodium consumption, insufficient potassium consumption, smoking, tobacco consumption, chronic stress, and other health conditions such as sleep apnea, kidney disease, diabetes, etc.
It has also been observed that men are more likely to get high blood pressure than women. Similarly, age also plays a role and the older you are, the more likely you are to get high blood pressure.
The World Health Organization sums up the risk factors for hypertension as modifiable risk factors and non-modifiable risk factors. Some of the modifiable risk factors are unhealthy diets (higher salt consumption, a diet high in saturated fat and trans fats, low intake of fruits and vegetables), physical inactivity, consumption of tobacco and alcohol, and obesity or overweight. And the non-modifiable risk factors include a family history of hypertension, age over 65, and co-existing diseases like diabetes or kidney disease.
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