What are the long term complications of PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)?

PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome) is known to affect the menstrual cycle and a woman’s fertility. However, PCOS is a complex disorder that can impact many organ systems. It can lead to serious long-term complications such as diabetes, heart diseases, cancer, etc. if it is not managed well.

Studies state that in women suffering from PCOS, various problems like gestational diabetes and gestational hypertensive disorders, glucose intolerance, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, endometrial cancer and obstructive sleep apnea can arise.

Gestational diabetes can occur during pregnancy, which may make you susceptible to type 2 diabetes in future. Women with PCOS frequently have insulin resistance, which results in higher glucose levels and more insulin produced. Over time, consistently high levels of glucose in the blood can lead to diabetes.

Women with PCOS have increased classical cardiovascular risks and increased subclinical cardiovascular disease without proven increase of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Due to high insulin levels that are commonly found among women with PCOS, the risk of high blood pressure and other cardiovascular diseases increases.

Another risk is endometrial cancer. During a normal menstrual cycle, the endometrium is exposed to hormones like estrogen, which cause the lining to proliferate and thicken. When ovulation does not occur for longer periods of time, which is typical in PCOS, the lining is not shed and is exposed to much higher amounts of estrogen. This causes the endometrium to grow much thicker than normal, which increases the chances of cancer cells to grow.

According to the studies conducted at the University of Chicago, women suffering from PCOS are at an exceptionally high risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Although weight plays a huge role in this, other factors also contribute to this risk among the women with PCOS.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

0FansLike
3,430FollowersFollow
19,300SubscribersSubscribe

Subscribe to our newsletter

Stay updated about fake news trending on social media, health tips, diet tips, Q&A and videos - all about health