Cervical cancer occurs in the lowest part of the uterus called the cervix that attaches to the vagina. Cancer in the cervix is caused by the strains of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that can penetrate the protective vaginal environment to multiply and cause infection.
As cervical cancer is caused by a sexually transmitted infection, it is recommended to maintain healthy feminine hygiene. But what constitutes vaginal hygiene? While vaginal hygiene depends mostly on age, maintaining acidity and no change in vaginal discharge as well as odour is something women must focus on.
The vagina is acidic in nature, with a range of 3.8 to 4.5 on the pH scale. The acidic environment kills the bacteria and fungi to avoid infection. Moreover, vagina discharge is a normal process of shedding cervical and vaginal dead cells out from the body. However, if you see an abnormal discharge or change in vaginal odour, it is recommended to visit a doctor.
A few signs of cervical cancer always show in absence of a healthy vaginal routine.
- Bleeding after unhygienic intercourse, pelvic examination or douching
- Unhealthy diet
- Blood after periods
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Increased vaginal discharge or a change in odour
- Bleeding after menopause
- Pelvic or back pain
- Pain during intercourse
If you suffer from any of these symptoms and are not sure about your feminine hygiene practices, it is recommended to see a gynaecologist. Cervical cancer is curable if diagnosed at an early stage. Therefore, it is essential for you to properly explain your symptoms to the doctor even if they seem less serious.
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