The available lung cancer treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted therapy.
Surgery is recommended when the majority of cancer cells are located within one region. A tumour/cyst or cancer tissues are removed during surgery. In chemotherapy, special drugs are given, which shrink the tumour by killing the cancer cells. During radiation therapy, cancer cells are targeted and killed through high-energy rays. Chemotherapy can be used in any stage of the tumour. Radiation therapy is recommended when cancer cells are localised in a smaller area. Sometimes a combination of these therapies is used.
Targeted therapy mostly includes drugs consumed either as pills or through veins. These drugs block the growth and spread of new cancer cells within the body.
People with non-small cell lung cancer are often treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted therapy, while people with small cell lung cancer are often treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
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