What are some complications of lung cancer?

Medically Reviewed by Checkmark Medically Reviewed By: Dr. Sravanthi Sunkaraneni

Complications of lung cancer include shortness of breath, chest pain, build-up of fluid around the lungs, infection, cancer spread to other organs, blood clots, coughing up blood, increased level of calcium in the blood, heart blockage, spinal cord compression, symptoms due to compression of nerves or compression of oesophagus, facial swelling, etc.

According to a (2011) study, a tumour in the lung can put pressure on the super vena cava (SVC) to restrict the blood flow from the upper body to the heart. This condition is called SVC syndrome and can cause swelling in the face, neck or arms. Another study says that cancer cells in the lungs can cause a build-up of fluid around the lungs to induce pain or shortness of breath, a condition that is called pleural effusion. Lung tumours also increase the risk of pneumonia

A study has also shown that lung cancer can spread to other body parts such as the brain, liver, bones, the opposite lung and adrenal glands. Another complication that may arise from lung cancer is pulmonary embolism – a condition that causes blockage in the pulmonary arteries in the lungs. A similar study published in National Library of Medicine has shown that lung cancer can cause blood clots and induce pulmonary embolism.

There was a study conducted in 2015 which showed that lung cancer may cause excess calcium in the blood. Due to this, people with the condition may show symptoms of thirst, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, tiredness, weakness, dizziness or frequent urination.

Likewise, available scientific evidence shows that lung cancer can affect the heart, spinal cord, nerves or oesophagus locally or by spreading to these organs causing symptoms. So, in case lung cancer affects the spinal cord, people with the condition may suffer from back pain, weakness in the legs or arms or bladder dysfunction. When oesophagus is involved, people may experience difficulty in swallowing.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at factche[email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

0FansLike
3,428FollowersFollow
19,300SubscribersSubscribe

Subscribe to our newsletter

Stay updated about fake news trending on social media, health tips, diet tips, Q&A and videos - all about health