How is down syndrome diagnosed?

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How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Diagnostic tests for down syndrome are typically offered to pregnant women who have a higher chance of having a baby with the condition based on their age or other risk factors. This article summarises the types of tests to diagnose down syndrome and the reasons of performing these tests. 

What are the diagnostic tests done for down syndrome?

There are two basic types of tests available to diagnose down syndrome in the foetus during pregnancy, screening tests and diagnostic tests. Other than these two tests, you can also get a genetic testing (chromosome analysis).

The screening tests include a combination of a blood test and an ultrasound scan to determine the risk of down syndrome. The blood tests are called Triple Screen or Quad screen, and they measure a number of substances in the mother’s blood like MS-AFP, human chorionic gonadotropin, estriol and inhibin A. The ultrasound scan displays a picture of the foetus. Extra fluid behind the neck of the foetus can indicate a genetic condition.

There are 3 types of diagnostic tests, i.e., Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS), which examines material from the placenta; amniocentesis, which examines the amniotic fluid (the fluid from the sac surrounding the baby); and Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling (PUBS), which examines the blood from the umbilical cord. These tests find out if there are any changes in the chromosomes indicating down syndrome.

Why are diagnostic tests performed for down syndrome?

Diagnostic tests for down syndrome are performed to confirm whether a developing fetus has the condition. According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), diagnostic tests are generally conducted after the screening tests have come back positive. These are typically offered to pregnant women who have a higher risk of having a baby with down syndrome based on factors such as maternal age, abnormal ultrasound findings, or a family history of the condition. According to the National Human Genome Research Institute, the diagnosis of down syndrome can be done in infancy on the basis of characteristic clinical findings. Whenever down syndrome is suspected, a genetic test called chromosome analysis is performed on a blood or skin sample to look for the inconsistency in the chromosomes.

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How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

More in

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How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How do doctors test for down syndrome?
Down syndrome could be diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy by screening the mother's blood and performing an ultrasound. Confirmatory tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, and percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS). Finally, if down syndrome is suspected during infancy based on clinical symptoms, a genetic test known as chromosomal analysis may be performed.

Last Updated on April 3, 2023 by Shabnam Sengupta

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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Dr. Shikha Shiromani
Dr. Shikha Shiromani
A dental surgeon by education and medical writer by profession, Shikha is responsible for research and fact-check.
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