How is diabetic retinopathy detected?

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How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

If you have diabetes, it is crucial to prioritise regular eye exams. Communicate any changes in your vision to your healthcare provider. Early detection and treatment can help preserve vision and prevent complications. Diabetic retinopathy’s early signs are not that so obvious. However, as the condition progresses, symptoms may appear such as blurred or distorted vision, eye floaters in the field of vision, difficulty seeing at night, and sudden loss of vision. This article discusses diabetic retinopathy’s early signs, the effect DR on the eye and the DR detection methods.

What are the early signs of diabetic retinopathy?

The diabetic retinopathy’s early signs often go unnoticed. However, as the condition advances, certain signs and symptoms may become apparent. Diabetic retinopathy’s early signs are observable as blurred vision, especially at distances or in reading, and eye floaters that float across your field of vision and appear as dark spots or cobweb-like strings. The eyes may appear red or swollen, particularly around the eyelids. You may experience difficulty seeing in low-light conditions or at night. If blood sugar levels are unstable, impaired color vision and fluctuating vision are early signs of diabetic retinopathy. Sometimes we notice dark or empty areas, called “holes,” in our vision; these areas may indicate damage to the retina. You may experience mild to moderate pain or pressure in the eyes.

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other eye conditions. It is crucial to have regular eye exams if you have diabetes, even if you’re not experiencing any symptoms. If you notice any changes in your vision or experience early signs of DR, you should promptly consult your eye doctor.

How does diabetic retinopathy affect the vision?

If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy significantly impairs vision. The severity of diabetic retinopathy vision impairment can vary depending on the stage of DR and individual factors such as overall health and blood sugar control. Here’s how DR can affect vision: Blurriness in vision is a common symptom of DR, especially in the early stages. It can result from fluid leakage into the macula (the central part of the retina responsible for sharp vision) or swelling of the macula (macular edema). DR can affect colour perception, causing colours to appear faded or less vibrant than usual. Floaters and spots are tiny specks or spots that float across your field of vision. Blood or other fluids leaking into the vitreous, the gel-like substance that fills the center of the eye, can cause this condition.

As DR progresses, it can lead to the development of dark or empty areas in the visual field. These areas, known as scotomas, can impair central or peripheral vision. In the advanced stages of DR, extensive damage to the retina and blood vessels can lead to severe vision loss or even blindness. This can occur due to the growth of abnormal blood vessels (neovascularization) or the detachment of the retina. Diabetic retinopathy can impair night vision by causing changes in the retina. Vision may fluctuate throughout the day, particularly if blood sugar levels are unstable.

How is diabetic retinopathy diagnosed ?

Early detection of DR requires routine eye exams, at least once a year or as advised by your healthcare professional. An ophthalmologist might suggest a few tests to identify diabetic retinopathy. Detection methods such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and fundoscopic examination, also known as ophthalmoscopy are commonly used.

Treatment options may include laser therapy, injections of medications into the eye, or surgery. Treatment depends on the severity of the condition. People with diabetes should be vigilant about changes in their vision and report any concerns to their healthcare provider promptly. Maintaining good control of blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol helps in preventing complications and managing diabetic retinopathy.

It’s important for individuals with diabetes to have regular eye exams to monitor for diabetic retinopathy and other eye complications. Early detection and timely treatment can help preserve vision and prevent further deterioration. If you experience any changes in your vision, it’s essential to consult an eye care professional promptly.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

How can one identify diabetic retinopathy?
A complication of diabetes that impacts the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy. It advances without any obvious symptoms. The doctor might suggest a few tests, such as a dilated eye exam, a visual acuity test, tonometry, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ophthalmoscopy, to identify diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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Dr Neha Singh
Dr Neha Singh
An AYUSH certified Homoeopathic Doctor with masters in Clinical Psychology, Dr Neha gained a variety of experience in applied Nutrition and Homoeopathy medicine in various healthcare domain. She closely worked with pharmaceutical manufacturing and AYUSH projects.
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