A urinary tract infection happens when microbes develop an infection in the urinary system. UTI can start anywhere from the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. However, microbes mostly affect the lower urinary tract, including the bladder and urethra.
People with UTIs often suffer from a consistent need to urinate. Other symptoms are cloudy urine and a burning sensation while urinating.
UTI is becoming common in people. At the same time, it is possible to minimise the risk of infection. In this article, we have discussed the ways by which women can avoid urinary tract infections (UTI).
Does UTI happen only to females?
No. UTI can happen to males. But females are more prone to the infection. The same has been confirmed by a research paper published in 2018. The paper shows that females have a higher lifetime risk of developing UTIs than men.
The urethra is shorter in women, they are more prone to developing UTIs than men.
What are the risk factors of UTIs?
In postmenopausal women, it is difficult to avoid the risk of UTIs. The body undergoes several changes post-menopause that increase the risk of UTI. Other factors that cannot be controlled to avoid the risk of UTI include a weakened immune system and urinary tract abnormalities. Other factors can be blockages in the urinary tract, catheter use, and urinary surgery.
But premenopausal females can avoid UTIs by not coming in contact with microbes that spreads the infection. Some factors such as frequent sexual activity, new sexual partners, and some types of birth control increase the risk of UTI.
How can females avoid UTIs?
Females can reduce the risk of developing UTIs by regularly cleaning the area, drinking plenty of fluids, avoiding holding urine for long, urinating before and after sexual intercourse, and avoiding the use of products that can imbalance the pH of the vagina. Some birth control pills can also increase the risk of UTI.
Eating a healthy diet and following a hygienic lifestyle can reduce the chance for microbes to reach the vagina.
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