How does low blood pressure affect the kidney?

Medically Reviewed by Checkmark Medically Reviewed By: Dr. Sravanthi Sunkaraneni

Low blood pressure can cause chronic kidney failure. A change in blood flow can lead to serious problems with your kidneys. If the hypotension is not corrected, it could result in serious, potentially fatal, problems.

According to the National Kidney Foundation, kidneys function as filters, which remove excessive fluid and waste products from the blood. When you have low blood pressure, less blood flows through the kidneys, which results in less urine formation.

Blood pressure affects the kidneys. It is because when there is a drop in blood pressure, there is a dramatic decrease in blood flow to the kidneys. If the kidneys are not getting the amount of blood they need, they are unable to properly filter the blood or receive enough oxygen to function. Over time these problems from the lower blood pressure result in the kidneys slowly shutting down, rarely leading to kidney failure.

The National Kidney Foundation also states that low blood pressure results in decreased filtered blood by the kidney that leads to failure of clearance of substances by the kidney. Its prolonged occurrence can cause acute kidney injury.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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