Women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) suffer from various gynecologic, reproductive, and metabolic comorbidities. However, a higher risk of mental health disorders has been reported recently along with these conditions.
It has been observed that women with PCOS have higher depression scores and a higher risk of depression. Although increased levels of androgen impacts health and the quality of life in general, the correlation between unwanted hair, acne, body image, and depression is still unclear.
There is a lack of data on the interrelation between hyperandrogenism (a condition of excessive levels of androgen in a female body) or infertility and depression. Women suffering from PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) are also at risk of symptoms of generalised anxiety disorder. There is a lack of data that examines the risk of other anxiety disorders like social phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and panic disorder. These disorders go hand in hand with a lot of patients, which results in an increased burden on health.
Although the direct relationship between mental health and PCOS has not been established yet, psychological symptoms must be evaluated if one is suffering from PCOS. A study suggested that women with PCOS are at an increased risk of depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and eating disorders, and their children are at an increased risk of ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). These studies show that it is essential that women suffering from PCOS undergo screening for mood and anxiety disorders and are adequately treated if diagnosed with the same.
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