Yes. Hair loss can occur in patients with chronic kidney disease in a few cases. However, it is more common in patients who lose significant amounts of protein in the urine. This is known as nephrotic syndrome.
Hair loss is expected due to aging, stress, or heredity. However, it can also occur in some instances of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The hair can become visibly abnormal in some patients. Some people may find that their hair is breaking or falling out and in some instances both. Since the hair is made of protein, an adequate intake of good dietary protein is essential for healthy hair. However, protein intake can be insufficient in patients with CKD due to dietary restrictions.
With a low protein diet, the required daily zinc needs aren’t met, and zinc deficiency causes hair loss and brittle nails. Other nutritional deficiencies related to hair and nail changes that chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis include calcium, iron, and Vitamin- B complex. Therefore, a reduced appetite, the build-up of toxins, and mineral & vitamin deficiencies can result in thinning, brittle and falling hair. For some patients, hair problems can occur before starting dialysis or after being on dialysis.
In the research studying the dermatological manifestations of CKD, at least one dermatologic manifestation was present in 86% of the patients, and changes were commonly seen in CKD patients with GFR <15ml/min (83.8%). Out of all the participants with CKD, hair changes were present in around 12%.
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