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Does alcohol have an effect on stress?

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The consumption of alcohol can provide short-term relief but when people drink more alcohol in situations of chronic stress they develop psychological and medical problems. The consumption of alcohol causes higher amounts of cortisol (also referred as stress hormone) to be released altering brain’s chemistry.

The body finds itself difficult to return to its initial hormone balance point after the consumption of alcohol. This forces the body to set a new point of physiological functioning called allostasis. Allostasis puts wear and tear on the body increasing the risk of serious disease.

Drinking may lead to positive feelings in the short term. Problems arise when due to stress people drink heavily and instead of calming nerves long-term heavy drinking can actually work against you.