Tuberculosis is preventable and treatable, but it is still the world’s most lethal infectious disease. However, there is a chance that TB might come back. This condition is known as recurrent tuberculosis. Since the condition’s recurrence can be difficult to address, this paper examines the cause, risk factors, and treatment of recurrent tuberculosis.
What is the main reason for the recurrence of the tuberculosis infection?
There is considerable disagreement about the cause of tuberculosis relapse. However, it appears that most recurrent tuberculosis cases are relapses of the original infection, possibly due to insufficient treatment. This is due to the fact that if the causative bacteria are not eliminated during the initial treatment, they can accumulate in the affected site. while tuberculosis reinfection with a new strain of bacteria is another major cause of its recurrence.
Who is more likely to become reinfected with TB?
The risk of reinfection remains uncertain. People who have previously had tuberculosis are at a much higher risk of developing the disease than those who have never had it. Besides that, people infected with tuberculosis may be more susceptible to reinfection due to HIV than non-HIV positive patients. However, more research is required.
How is re-infection with tuberculosis treated?
It is difficult to treat recurrent tuberculosis caused by either relapse or reinfection. When bacteria become resistant to treatment, a different combination of drugs taken over a longer period of time is often recommended. This is usually caused by a bacterial strain mutation.
If the recurring case responds to the extended tuberculosis treatment, it can be dealt with successfully. There may also be preventive measures to reduce the risk. The best way to avoid recurrent tuberculosis is to take medications exactly as prescribed by your doctor. And, as obvious as it may sound, limiting exposure to people who may be tuberculosis-infected reduces the risk of reinfection.
Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.