Not exactly. A woman cannot acquire ovarian cancer once ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed. However, some women may develop Primary Peritoneal Cancer (PPC) that starts in the tissue lining inside the lower abdomen called the peritoneum. PPC looks and acts like epithelial ovarian cancer because the peritoneum is also made of epithelial tissues.
PPC is a rare type of cancer that does not affect many women. A study has shown that the risk of PPC increases when the surgery called oophorectomy does not kill all the cancer cells in the ovaries. Some cancer cells remain in the inner lining of the abdomen to mimic ovarian cancer.
Another research has shown that PPC was first recognised in 1931 as ‘a local spread from ovarian cancer’. Moreover, peritoneal cancer growth is common in 75% of ovarian cancer cases at the time of diagnosis.
The PPC spreads through the vascular and lymphatic routes along the surfaces and organs of the abdominal and pelvic cavity covered by the peritoneum. However, the PPC is generally diagnosed during stage III or IV, which makes PPC late-stage cancer.
Another study has also shown that “women with higher comorbidity disease undergoing ovarian surgery for benign ovarian tumours have a higher risk of subsequent development of epithelial ovarian cancer.”
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