One of the earliest known diseases on Earth is malaria. Despite numerous global efforts to lower mortality rates, it is also one of the deadliest killer diseases in the world. Malaria has had plenty of time to be eradicated, yet it still manages to infect one in every 21 people on the planet. In light of this, this article focuses on the origin, along with the subspecies of the causative parasite responsible for it, and the critical period of the fatal malarial illness.
Where does malaria come from, a disease that can be fatal?
Mosquitoes carry the severe, potentially fatal disease known as malaria, which is brought on by a parasite. Malaria posed a significant health risk in various regions until it was eradicated by numerous disease-control programs. Among the first signs of illness are a high fever and chills. The malaria life cycle has three essential components:
- The parasite begins its life cycle in the Anopheles mosquito, which also carries it.
- The Plasmodium parasite has five subspecies, each of which differs in the severity of the symptoms it produces and in how it reacts to various medications.
- The parasite first makes its way to a patient’s liver, where it can develop and grow. Red blood cells are then infected and killed as they circulate in the blood.
Which malaria-causing parasite is the deadliest?
The species that frequently causes the most complications and has a high mortality rate if untreated is P. falciparum. Even with treatment, cerebral malaria, P. falciparum complication, has a 20% mortality rate. It should be emphasized that many African nations south of the Sahara Desert have a high prevalence of this parasite. Therefore, those who are frequently bitten by mosquitoes carrying P. falciparum are most at risk of developing malaria and dying from it.
Additionally, those with little to no immunity to malaria, such as young children, pregnant women, and visitors from non-malaria-endemic areas, are more likely to contract the disease and pass away. The prevalence of this disease is higher among the poor and those without access to healthcare who live in rural areas.
When does malaria become lethal?
Malaria is a serious condition that, if not identified and treated right away, can be fatal. Malaria symptoms can develop into severe complications hours or days after they first appear. This indicates that it’s critical to get emergency medical attention as soon as you can.
Since numerous people worldwide perish from malaria each year. The majority of the victims are children. The inability to obtain treatment or the scarcity of it frequently results in death. Please keep in mind that if malaria is identified quickly and the appropriate antimalarials are available and used, the prognosis may be improved.
Disclaimer: Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can futher read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.