Yes. You can eat tomatoes in a moderate quantity if you suffer from arthritis. Tomato contains a chemical called solanine which causes inflammation if ingested in large quantities. However, there is no evidence that confirms solanine induces arthritis. A website suggests the reports (if any) of arthritis after eating tomatoes are purely anecdotal. While it may be true for some people, there is no scientific evidence that can prove tomatoes can worsen arthritis symptoms, including inflammation.
On the contrary, we found a study that suggests tomatoes may reduce the production of Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α), a molecule responsible for inflammation in the body. Also, tomatoes contain lycopene which is an essential antioxidant responsible for controlling cardiovascular (CV) risk, bad cholesterol, inflammation and improving cell functions.
Still, you must not eat too many tomatoes. A (2022) study shows eating too many tomatoes can cause ‘heartburn, irritable bowel syndrome, urinary problems, exposure to pollutants (pesticides, soil herbicides, atmospheric gaseous pollutants, and ethylene gas), migraines, body, allergy, discolouration of the skin, kidney stones, hepatitis A, and Salmonella sp., infections’.
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