Can gestational diabetes cause autism?

Will my child be autistic if I have gestational diabetes?
A study suggests that if a woman develops gestational diabetes (GD) by the 26th week of pregnancy, she is 42 percent more likely to have a child with autism. Another study states that gestational diabetes may act as a risk factor for autistic traits in offspring. However, there is a need of more studies to properly understand this correlation.

Some research concluded that globally, the overall prevalence of gestational diabetes among pregnant women is around 4.4%. In this article, we will discuss about autism and its correlation with gestational diabetes.

What is autism?

Autism, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects communication, social interaction, and behaviour. It is a spectrum disorder, which means that its symptoms and severity can vary widely from person to person.

Common symptoms of autism include:

  • Difficulties with communication
  • Delayed language development
  • Difficulty with social interactions
  • Repetitive behaviours or routines
  • Limited interest in activities or toys

Autistic individuals may also exhibit sensitivity to certain stimuli, such as loud noises or bright lights, and have difficulties with sensory processing.

What is the correlation between gestational diabetes and autism?

There is little evidence to suggest a potential link between gestational diabetes and the risk of autism in children. Some studies have found that children born to mothers with gestational diabetes may have an increased risk of developing autism. There is growing evidence of the role of maternal diabetes in the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders.

According to a study, mothers who develop gestational diabetes by the 26th week of pregnancy were 42 percent more likely to have a child with autism. Women whose diabetes occurred after 26th week did not have a higher risk of having a child with ASD. Research states that gestational diabetes may raise the risk to a little over 2 percent. Another study states that gestational diabetes may act as a risk factor for autistic traits in offspring.

Extensive studies to find the association between gestational diabetes and autism spectrum disorder found that gestational diabetes increases the risk of autism in the child. These studies also suggest that earlier the occurrence of gestational diabetes in the mother, higher the risk of autism for the child.

However, we need more research to understand the relationship between gestational diabetes and autism. There is need of further study to also determine whether gestational diabetes is a direct cause of autism.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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