Can biopsy make the Cancer spread?

Medically Reviewed by Checkmark Medically Reviewed By: Dr. Sravanthi Sunkaraneni

In certain cases. A study has shown that tumour cell seeding can occur during a biopsy and may lead to cancer spread. Tumour cell seeding means that few tumour cells separate from the tumour while performing the biopsy and get deposited in the path of the needle or enter the blood circulation leading to spread. However, this is a very rare phenomenon and not enough to prevent someone from getting the procedure done. 

A biopsy is an important procedure that can help your doctor confirm the diagnosis of cancer and plan treatment. During the procedure, a doctor takes a small piece of the abnormal cell growth to study it under the microscope and make a diagnosis. There are different techniques for collecting the sample. However, it is the Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) method that makes people think biopsy can spread cancer. In an FNA procedure, a doctor inserts a fine needle into the suspicious area and collects the sample. This needle may dislodge tumour cells leading to seeding.

Several published research papers have shown that the risk of spread of cancer due to biopsy is absent or very rare. In conclusion, biopsy seems to be a safe procedure for confirming benign and malignant growths.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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