Fibroids are the first indication for a uterus removal surgery or hysterectomy, but a fibroid removal surgery or myomectomy is the most suitable surgical option for women who desire the preservation of their fertility potential. In this article, we will discuss whether there can be any side effects of a fibroid removal surgery and, if yes, what they are.
Can there be any side effects of fibroid removal surgery?
There is a possibility of experiencing side effects after a myomectomy or fibroid removal surgery. The most common potential side effects of fibroid removal surgery, include pain, excessive bleeding, scarring, and damage to surrounding organs. Studies on fibroid removal surgery have shown that about 5 out of 100 women have complications, such as injury to organs in the abdomen, or need to have the procedure again. Fewer than 1 out of 100 women need to undergo a uterus removal procedure or hysterectomy because of uncontrollable bleeding after myomectomy.
What can be the side effects of a myomectomy or fibroid removal surgery?
Myomectomy, a surgery to remove fibroids from the uterus, can have the following side effects:
- Pain and discomfort: Temporary pain and discomfort in the surgical area are common after the procedure.
- Bleeding: Some degree of bleeding and spotting is normal after the surgery, but excessive bleeding may require further treatment. The bleeding may range from intermittent bleeding to continuous bleeding over several weeks. This requires immediate medical attention.
- Anemia: It is one of the side effects of myomectomy. This condition can be managed by interrupting the menstrual flow.
- Infection: There is a risk of infection at the surgical site. About 5 percent of women develop an infection after surgery. This infection is treated with antibiotics. Additionally, about 5 percent of women develop a wound infection, which needs treatment for a longer period of time.
- Scarring: Scarring may occur at the surgical site, which can cause discomfort or pain. Moreover, the scar tissue may lead to adhesions in the abdominal cavity over the long term. Depending on the location of these adhesions, they may cause several problems, such as bowel problems or infertility. In fact, these adhesions can make the organs attached to the abdominal wall, causing pain in the lower abdomen.
- Hormonal imbalances: The removal of fibroids can result in hormonal imbalances, which can cause changes in menstrual patterns and symptoms such as hot flashes or mood swings.
- Recurrence of fibroids: Fibroids may return after the surgery, requiring additional treatment. As published in Harvard Health, fibroids may recur in cases of myomectomy since the uterus isn’t removed.
Remember, it is crucial to discuss these potential side effects with your doctor prior to undergoing the procedure.
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