In India, cervical cancer is the third most common type of cancer. A paper published in 2020 shows that as per the National Cancer Registry Programme, cervical cancer is the most common cancer being 6-29% of all cancers among women in India. Since cervical cancer affects the Indian population, the country is set to launch its first indigenously developed Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine (qHPV). The vaccine has been prepared by the Serum Institute of India (SII) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) to fight against cervical cancer at a larger level. In this article, we will discuss about cervical cancer and colon cancer, as well as whether cervical and colon cancers are related.
What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer starts in the cells of the cervix. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus in females. It connects the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer usually develops slowly over time. Before cancer appears in the cervix, the normal cells of the cervix go through abnormal changes and begin to appear in the cervical tissue. If gone unnoticed, these abnormal cells can become cancerous.
What is colon cancer?
Colon cancer starts in the cells of the colon. The colon is the longest part of the large intestine. Colon cancer is often misinterpreted as colorectal cancer. The term colorectal cancer refers to both colon and rectal cancer because both cancers affect the large intestine. Cancer that develops in the colon is colon cancer, while cancer grows in the rectum is rectal cancer.
Are cervical cancer and colon cancer related?
Not enough evidence. The available research is not enough to suggest the exact relationship between cervical cancer and colon cancer. However, research published in 2014 informs that cervical cancer treatment can put people that a higher risk of colorectal cancer. We need more evidence to understand how cervical cancer and its treatment increase the risk of colon cancer.
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