How does the body react to consuming sugar?

Medically Reviewed by Checkmark Medically Reviewed By: Sheela Krishnaswamy

When we digest sugar, enzymes in the small intestine break it down into glucose, which is released into the bloodstream, transported to tissue cells in our muscles and organs, and converted into energy.

Also, when we eat sugar, the brain releases hormones that regulate the mood, namely, dopamine and serotonin. This is why we get sugar cravings. Regular sugar consumption can also inhibit dopamine transporters that increase the will to eat even more sugar to get the same pleasure reward as before.

The pancreas monitors the amount of glucose in the bloodstream and releases insulin to control it, i.e., if you consume more sugar than your body needs, it is stored for later to keep your blood sugar levels constant. When the body stops producing any or enough insulin, or if your cells become resistant to it, this can result in diabetes, making your blood sugar levels rise.

Remember, if we eat more sugar than our body needs, the excess gets stored as fat that can lead to obesity and other health problems.

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Disclaimer
Medical Science is an ever evolving field. We strive to keep this page updated. In case you notice any discrepancy in the content, please inform us at [email protected]. You can further read our Correction Policy here. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website or it's social media channels. Read our Full Disclaimer Here for further information.

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