Your chances of developing gestational diabetes increase if an immediate family member, such as a parent or sibling, had gestational diabetes or has been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. It is important for you to know your family medical history and you should share the history with your doctor before you become pregnant.
As with Type 2 diabetes, a combination of genes, lifestyle factors, and environment play a major role in developing gestational diabetes. Insulin resistance in gestational diabetes can cause high blood pressure during pregnancy and can also cause premature birth.
The infants of women with gestational diabetes are also more likely to develop low blood sugar levels. The offspring is also at the risk of developing obesity, heart disease, and Type 2 diabetes in later life.
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